Khartoum , March,13 , (SUNA)-- Agriculture is an economic source in the Sudanese economy whereas the most of the Sudanese states are considered an appropriate place for joining agriculture, because they contain a vast flat lands without natural impediments, and famous for fertility soil as we know that in Al-Gezira state, El-Gedarif, Sennar , white Nile state , Kassala , Darfur five states, North ,West and South Kordofan. This activity is the major source for refreshing Sudan's economy according to the plentifulness agriculture's means such as water and suitable climate for cultivating the main cash crops as cotton, Dura, Wheat and other important crops.
Agriculture can achieve and push development which constitutes a national objective , the reality of Sudan to focus on agriculture in upcoming phase in order to make comprehensive development in all states through this essential activity represents a general national objective that all the states need. The means by which the balanced development could be achieved remain in solidarity and preservation of the human , financial and natural resources. Sudan is considered the third largest strategic food reservoir in the world. It has around 85% million hectares of high -yield arable land matched by abundant water resources .
Sudan's share of the Nile river system provides 1,085 billion cubic meters of water annually, while rainfall on average reaches 10,000 billion cubic millimeters per year, both adding to seasonal streams and rivers and groundwater catchments. The country also has diverse climate conditions from arid plains to Savannah , forest and tropical south apart from land and water resources.
From starting point the Sudanese economy is highly dependent on agriculture, which has historic representation of about 40% of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and responsible for all its exports a great from the recent discovery of oil . Annual economic growth can be cut with half due to poor weather conditions. However, despite the enormous resources at hand and the importance of the agricultural sector to the country and the surrounding regions, Sudan does not have food security and is still forced to import grains. At the same time, there are currently only 15 million hectares under cultivation.
Part of the problem is that the Sudanese agriculture still follows traditional methods characterized by law levels of productivity and high losses. We describe that Sudan is an agricultural country if we compare it with others in its regional arena. Autumn is the main rainy season, extending from May to October annually with precipitation ranging between 50 mm in the extreme north to more than 1500 mm in the extreme south.
The rainfall , however, is characterized with significant variations in distribution as well as in timing and location thereby magnifying the risks of localized crop production. To avert this risk mechanized rainfall production schemes have been served all over central Sudan. Apart from agriculture the rains replenish the underground reserve and provide the scattered wadis (vallies) and water points with annual quantities to support the enormous wealth of livestock and wildlife.
As long as the means of agricultural activity available it would find concern because it will play its pioneer role in pushing the natural economy , this requests from all Sudanese people in their different sectors in general and farmers sector in particular to work seriously with a honest responsibility due to creating strong economy through agriculture and focusing on the cultivating cash crops because the upcoming phase needs the collective work from every one until we achieve ambition, and this is not preventing us to join the other economic activities especially our country Sudan contains various resources within the ground and on it. But the government would depend on an agriculture through rehabilitation of agricultural schemes which have been irrigating by dams and pumps in addition to the pluvial schemes.
Agriculture is the sole way out for refreshing the national economy because all the means on which agriculture depends on are available as waters and flat fertility lands all of them famous for strategic location .