Khartoum ,16, March ,2016 (SUNA)-- The agricultural sector is the most important economic sector in the country. The agricultural sector has contributed more in pushing the food production. It created more than 39 % of Gross Domestic Production (GDP) employed about 80% of population, and contributed 80% of the country's exports in the late 1990s . Cotton is the main agriculture export item, although its export volumes have been decreasing recently . The lack of any marketing or developed market policy is evident. The government has suggested the end of export taxes in order to promote more agriculture products in the future. Other agricultural products include sesame seeds , sorghum, and gum Arabic.
Sudan's climate conditions, mainly the rainy season enable double annual harvests in (July and November) . Most of the agricultural activities are concentrated near the Nile river. The Al-Gezira irrigation system that is located between the white and the Blue Nile rivers (both rivers merge to form the Nile river ) is the most important agriculture scheme and according to some statistics , is also the largest artificially irrigated region in the world . As the irrigation system has been put in place, sorghum , wheat, and groundnuts have been planted instead of cotton in an effort to make Sudan self-sufficient in food stuffs .
Agriculture has been important to humans and can boost the Gross Domestic Product of a nation , here is an important question: Why is agriculture important? The answer of the specific question is that agriculture constitutes a concept of food security is fundamentally important, and for that reason, agriculture is important for the mankind's all over the world in general and human being in Sudan in particular. The task of feeding its people has been perhaps the first priority its rulers throughout history. As such , agriculture is considered to be the very basis of political and social stability of a nation since times immemorial . Moreover , the agricultural sector plays an important role in Sudan because is providing a large scale employment to the most Sudanese people who depend upon it . Large and moderately large forms employ workers to undertake the various jobs relating to cultivation of crops and care of form animals as we see in Al-Gezira historic scheme which considered the pioneer scheme in Sudan this in addition to others. Agriculture still remains the biggest sector responsible for the employing and feeding a large percentage of the population in Sudan.
In my point of view agriculture is also important because it has played a crucial role in appraising the standard of a country's development , based on the competence of its farmers. The development of agriculture depends first on policy , and second on science . There is neither any limit to development in science and technology, nor to the role that they can play in the field of agricultural growth. Though agriculture often plays a contributory in the Sudanese Gross Domestic Product (GDP) , the government of the Sudan would leave no stone unturned toward this an active sector, in order to reform the national economy which is suffering from financial crisis due to the separation of South Sudan .