Khartoum-15-5-2013-(SUNA)- In Agady region at Al-tadamun locality SUNA interviewed the coordinator of the Sudanese- Brazilian Partnership Eng. Imad Sharief:-
Q: Would you explain on the experiment of G M cotton?
A: the process of modification means to change a great number of (B-T) genes. It is a kind of bacteria which was discovered by a Japanese scientist Also these bacteria exterminate the cotton bollworm, that considered the biggest threat to the cotton crop. This modification is used in many crops and B T bacteria specifically is harmless to humans or animals as workers do not need to wear gloves or respirators when handling the procedure .
Q: Does it means that direct effects of these Bacteria are on insects only?
A: Yes exactly, the effect is on bollworm and other insects, this is a fact and not in defense of GM cotton.
Q: What are the benefits of the modification process?
A: As I said before , genes of (B-T) is resistant to the bollworm and exterminates other parasites . It also contributes to raising production and achieves more benefits in addition to saving efforts and money.
Q: What about the experiment of the Sudanese- Brazilian partnership compared to other similar ones?
A: we followed up a system of condensate agriculture. the cultivated cotton shades the soil thereby reducing the evaporation process thus rationalizing water consumption and to kill the grass by depriving it from sun lights. It is the opposite to what was used to happen in the traditional agriculture in Sudan, in which the distance between each line and the another is 50 cm. This system doesn't provide enough number of plants as it increases the process of evaporation and reduces shadow. I hope that the farmers turn to implement this new system of cultivating due to its successful results in the experience of GM cotton at the state of Blue Nile.
Q: What are the benefits of this kind of cultivation?
A: This system achieves great increase of production. For example the feddan gives 10 and half Kantar And the percentage is expected to rise up to 17 or 18 Kantar Concerning the sorghum crop it expected that the faddan would produce 30 sacks. We will implement this system next year so Sudan would be the world 's food basket ( believe it or not).
Q: What is the difference between the traditional and the condensed cultivation ?
In the condensed agriculture there is no agricultural cycle but we will cultivate cotton for many years to come at the same locations , thus reducing cleaning operations and contributing to a higher production. This will also provide an opportunity to use remnants for organic fertilization .
Q: What is the total cultivated area in Agedy project?
A: Now it is about 17.000 feddan and we are aiming to cultivate 70.000 feddan in next season.
Q: what about your future plans?
A: The contract between the government of Sudan and Brazilian government extends for 5 years. Our Brazilian partners admired the fertility of the soil and the good amount of rainfall which ranges between50 to 70 mm per year in addition to the suitable temperature.
Further, the cultivated kinds of cotton achieved better production levels compared to area cultivated in Brazil and of course this might encourage the continuation of investment in Sudan.
Q: How do you know that?
A: On his visit to the project, the Chairman of Farmers Union in Latin America was astonished to find leveled plains which is not the case in Brazil where the process needs 5 to 6 years to level the cultivation area.
Q: What are the problems that faced the cultivation process ?
A: The cost of cotton cultivation is cheap, but it increases during harvest operations because of the need to provide sackcloth, cotton compressing operations and the manpower to deliver the crop to cotton gin, which are far from farms what lost the time and energies.