Germany... Sudan Friends Initiative
The economist, Dr. Abdul-Azim Al-Mahal, believes that Sudan indebtedness has accumulated over years until the interest of the debt became more than the principal of the debt with Sudan's inability to pay it, a matter which led to the reluctance of the donor countries to give Sudan loans once again. He said that the round-table conference resulted in France support to Sudan by the amount of (60) million Euros, and the United States also gave the green light to financial dealings with financial institutions in Sudan by allowing its employees and diplomats to open bank accounts in Sudan. Dr. Al-Mahal indicated that Western countries have the desire to make the transitional period a success and its success can only be through force of economy.
The lecturer of economics at the International University of Africa, Dr. Yasser Al-Obeid, said that like these meetings can benefit Sudan in the areas of the technical support and training granted by the World Bank during the transitional period, which are important in the context of dividing the three phases that were set for the emergency program for the economy.
The German interest in Sudan stems from the reality of the specialty given to Sudan in terms of political and economic strategy. Sudan is an important country to the European countries through its distinction as a strategic crossing between Arab and African countries, and through its possession of huge potentials and natural resources that made it the focus of attention of all the European countries and Germany on In particular. We especially to point the fact that Sudan is one of the important countries that play a role in combating migration and terrorism, as it has a strategic location as a transit country for immigrants, which are issues of concern and concern to Germany and Western countries.
The German concern with the peace support file in Sudan and the achievement of political stability reached the level of appointing a former German ambassador to Sudan as a special envoy for Sudan and the state of South Sudan.
Also, great efforts were made by organizing a large number of exhibitions in several German cities, which presented artistic and cinematic performances and historical monuments aimed at improving the image of Sudan and preparing a suitable ground for launching economic cooperation between the two countries. The next step was the regular participation in the specialized exhibitions held in Germany, where Sudan participated twice in the agricultural exhibition.
Sudanese in Germany:-
Around 17,000 Sudanese are living in Germany, including those who went to Germany many years ago and their residence there has extended so far to the third generation. There is a group that came to Germany in the eighties and has a large political movement and multiple party affiliations, and some of them obtained German citizenship and participated in the membership of some parties in German, but this participation is weak The impact of the low number of Sudanese in Germany, and a large number of Sudanese restaurants are spread in Germany, where there are 18 restaurants serving Sudanese food in Berlin alone. This may mark the beginning of the economic relationship between the two countries for new investment opportunities leading to more communication and opening wider fields of people’s diplomacy for the Sudanese community in the overlap with German society.
There are a large number of German companies that have worked and are still working in Sudan and achieving great successes, but unfortunately there is no media promotion on the profits and gains that these companies achieve so as to be a motive for encouragement to other German investment companies. An example of the "SEGA" flour mills and the modern mechanisms they use are all German-made, but there is no media that reflect these successes. Many German companies also deal with the Sea Ports Corporation, the Khartoum Water Corporation and the General Electricity Company. We need to present these achievements to the world media to attract more German projects and companies in various fields in seminars or workshops. What we mean is the need for full coordination between the three sides of the media, politics and economics. One of the Sudanese investors said, "The German investor has not yet discovered Sudan. Therefore, appeared a plan to establishing a Sudanese-German business center that collects all the required information on economic and commercial activities and official statistics to help investment companies that wish to operate in Sudan.
The historical and cultural relations between Sudan and Germany:-
There is no doubt that the historical and cultural effect has a great role in strengthening and promoting relations between countries.
The roots of the relationship between Sudan and Germany go back to the era of before the First World War, that is, since the Sultan Ali Dinar in the side of the Ottoman caliphate to support of Germany and the Axis powers against Britain and the rest of the Allies. This background is still in the minds of the Germans, because the Germans are very interested in the historical aspects. The Sudanese personality is distinguished by the nature of self-esteem, as well as the German character, which feels the great dependence on German race and sees in it a distinction from the European character.
From the historical point of view, there is no historical hostility between the two countries, that is, there is no colonial experience, and on the contrary, the relations were distinguished between Sudan and Germany during the war period, as the relations were extended to a very large degree with East Germany. Sudan recognized eastern Germany during the period of the left-wing tide in Sudan at that time the relationship with West Germany was severed. After the Hashim Al-Atta coup in 1971 and the former President Al-Nemairi headed to the west", relations with West Germany returned, after which Sudan maintained a "balanced relationship" between the East and West Germans.
Since 1981, Germany has been in charge of preserving the world cultural heritage in Sudan and has funded 34 projects until the year 2009 with a total value of approximately 500,000 Euros. In 2011, Germany also funded three projects in Naqaa, Umm Rouina and Al-Masawarat. These three projects are being implemented by German archaeologists who spend in Sudan periods ranging from several weeks to months each year. There are also a number of German archaeological missions that worked in Sudan, the most famous of which was the Egyptian and Sudanese Museum Mission in Berlin, which worked from September 2011 to January 2012 and the archaeological works discovered in the Naqaa area as a result of joint work for 15 years between the Egyptian and Sudanese Museum Mission in Berlin and the National Corporation and the Sudanese Antiquities and Museums Corporation.
The Egyptian and Sudanese Museum Mission in Berlin is also seeking to build a museum in the Naqaa area. The museum has already been designed by a British architect, and construction cost financing issues remains, as the Berlin Museum mission has begun collecting donations to complete this important project. The German language is currently being taught as a foreign language at the University of Khartoum, the Sudan University of Science and Technology and Al-Zaeem Al-Azhari University. The Goethe-Institute was reopened in Khartoum in 2008, which engages in various activities such as teaching the German language and organizing workshops, exhibitions and various cultural events.
The cultural relations received a special attention since the Independence, and at the beginning of the sixties the Sudan TV station was established, while the training and qualification programs for its employees continued. This was followed by the creation of the Goethe Institute for Teaching the German Language, which continued to offer cultural fairs and cinema performances. It has also been, until now, a forum for communication between Sudanese who received their studies in Germany. The interest of the Sudanese side also increased in the German language, and its departments were opened in some Sudanese universities.
In the field of antiquities, German activity has been going on for a decade and more. The German researchers team from the Berlin Museum managed to discover the Temple of Amun in the Naqaa region (Al-Musawarat), which is one of the most important archaeological discoveries in the history of Sudan, along with a number of important archaeological discoveries in the Merowe region, such as the royal baths, which dates back to between the third and fourth after birth Christ.
It is worth noting the Germany is extending contributions to Sudan in the fields of humanitarian aid, environmental protection and climate change through the Supreme Council for the Environment and Natural Resources.
Active German institutions in Sudan
The German Red Cross has been working together with the Sudanese Red Crescent for 25 years and has a permanent office in Khartoum. The cooperation between the two sides is based on the principles of the International Red Cross (humanity, independence, voluntary, unity and universality). The German Red Cross is working with The Sudanese Red Crescent Society in implementing projects for the majority of those in need in the following areas: disaster relief (in the case of natural disasters, as well as support in conflict areas, rehabilitation, rebuilding, infrastructures in the fields of water, sanitation, and public health, development assistance, community development and training.
The Friedrich-Ebert Foundation is a private, non-profit, cultural foundation committed to the values of social democracy. It is the oldest German political institution. The Foundation works to achieve the following goals: Supporting political and social education for individuals from all backgrounds in the spirit of democracy and pluralism, contributing to the international understanding and cooperation, facilitating access to university education and scientific research for gifted youth through the provision of scholarships. Currently, the Friedrich Ebert Foundation works on these goals and related activities. The Friedrich Ebert Foundation has been associated with work in Sudan since 1976. It has been working diligently towards promoting peace, democracy and human rights, and equitable socio-economic development. Social development and the promotion of gender equality are of particular importance in the work of the foundation. The commission supports the activities of Sudanese partners from various regional, cultural and social backgrounds and cooperates with state institutions, universities, trade unions and civil society organizations. The Friedrich Ebert Foundation has a network of offices spread out over eleven countries in the Middle East and North Africa. The oldest office was established in Lebanon 50 years ago, then Egypt and Sudan. The Friedrich Ebert Foundation and the Center for International and Security Studies organized a conference in Berlin on October 30, 2013 entitled "Countries, Citizens and Conflicts: Governance in the Horn of Africa, Despite Countries" A number of public figures from Sudan, South Sudan and Germany participated in the conference.
BM Z Foundation is the body which is concerned in Germany with cooperation in the field of development with all countries of the world. Priority was given by the foundation to projects that limit immigration, given that Sudan is a transit country for migration to Europe. Projects were chosen to reduce the rate of refugee migration and at the same time help the Sudanese communities in hosting these migrants. It is represented in vocational and industrial rehabilitation and agricultural projects in the regions of eastern Sudan and Gedaref. Also, some development programs were established in Dar Fur, represented in basic services such as water and agricultural projects. Initially, implementation was in partnership with United Nations and regional IZ organizations, such as IGAD.
The GIZ Foundation, the German Foundation for International Cooperation, is a German development agency providing services in the field of international development cooperation. The Foundation mainly implements technical cooperation projects of the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development. The Foundation GIZ was founded on January 1, 2011, by integrating three German international development organizations. It is now one of the largest development agencies in the world. The German Agency for International Cooperation has been working in Sudan since 2014, in continuation of the work of its previous organizations that have worked in Sudan since 1955. GIZ seeks in its activities to follow the model of sustainable development, which aims to achieve a balance between economic development, social inclusion and environmental protection. Consulting and capacity-building services in a wide range of areas, including management consulting, rural development, sustainable infrastructure, security and peace-building, social development, governance and democracy, environment and climate change, economic development and employment. The German Foundation for International Cooperation works on behalf of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in the field of strengthening civil society in Sudan. It also works in support to the German NGOs that are active in Sudan.
German Prisma: The Government of Sudan and the German (Prisma) have signed a framework agreement for the construction of solar-energy plants, in addition to strengthening the electricity transmission networks and substations.