Khartoum, Sep. 22 (SUNA) – The prominent South Sudanese academician and politician, Prof. Luka Biong Deng, said that Africa is needy for a new social contract in which the citizen is the main pillar.

 This came at a panel of discussion on ‘Opportunities and Challenges of Peace-building in Africa”, organized Wednesday by the Sudanese Council for Foreign Affairs, in cooperation with the African Center for Studies on Governance, Peace and Democratic Transformation at the Diplomatic Club, in the presence of a number of ambassadors and concerned personalities.

Prof. Biong has reviewed the opportunities and the challenges facing the peace-building in Africa, on the experiences that faced the African countries, indicating that Sudan is one of the countries that participated in the liberation revolutions in Africa, a matter which confirms its Africanism.

 He noted that the Sydney Center defined peace as the absence of violence or fear, and that there are 23 criteria to measure peace, explaining that there was a clear decline in Africa in the level of peace by about 0.5% in the year 2021, and that there was improvement in the level of peace in 21 countries, which means that about 50% of the people in the African countries did not feel improvement and at peace, indicating that the most peaceful countries in Africa are Mauritius, while and South Sudan came at the bottom of the list for several reasons.

He said that there are circles interested in the peace standards in Africa and that new study centers have tried to diagnose the motives behind violence and wars and found a decline in African protection and security, and attributed the reason behind violence and wars to greediness, and others have mentioned the greediness.

 Prof. Biong said that the challenges facing the peace-building in Africa appear at are several levels including the level of governance, followed by the institutions, which are mechanisms for applying governance to the citizen, and the security sector, pointing out that the security sector has become in some countries a source of threat to the citizen, and the 70% of the budgets are assigned for security at the expense of the other important sectors such as health, education and production.

He also referred to the challenge of the strategic leadership, stating that the leaderships in Africa have the desire to rule forever without regard to the citizen or the state.

He said that the human security is national security, and it is important as a new fundamental concept and pillar for the sustainability of peace, stressing that the focusing on the personality of leadership is a major failure.

Prof. Biong stressed that Africa needs a new social contract that is based on the citizen as the main pillar, explaining that said the three main axes in the new social contract are: the constitutionality of relations between the citizen and the state, institutions that focus on the citizen and the social cohesion as all adherence to these axes will support the peace in Africa.

On his part, the Secretary General of the Sudanese Council for Foreign Affairs, Ambassador Yousif Fadul, stated that deep deliberations have taken place on the challenges and priorities facing the peaceful transition and the means to ensure success of the transitional phase in Sudan and to overcome these challenges and to benefit from the experiences of African countries that experienced the same circumstances, especially Rwanda, and how to benefit from Sudanese traditions and customs in realizing the  transitional justice.

In the same context, the Director of the National Center for Diplomatic Studies, ambassador Abdul-Bagi Kabir, said that the panel of discussion dealt with the societal awareness of peace, given that the Africa is a continent of crises, pointing to the opportunity to diagnose this situation and to propose the means to achieve peace, provided that this work is to carried out within the Sudanese framework and the Sudanese style and to benefit from the experiences that contribute to the peace-building and the coordination of efforts.


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