Khartoum, June 11 (SUNA) The Russian Federation celebrates its national day - Russia Day - on the twelfth of June of every year in celebration of the proclamation of the sovereignty of the state of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic.

The first foundation of the state of Russia was in the year 862 by Prince Rurik, who laid the foundation stone for the Russian state, and it was later renamed (Third Rome) during the reign of the first tsar of the Romans, then it turned into the Empire of Russia and became one of the great countries in Europe.

On June 12, 1990, at the first Congress of People’s Deputies of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, the state sovereignty of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic was adopted as a republic within the Soviet Union and its constitution and laws were announced on the legislation of the Soviet Union, and on December 25, 1991 the powers of the leader of the Soviet Union were transferred to the President of the Republic Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, Boris Yeltsin.

On April 21, 1992, its name was changed to the Russian Federation. The idea of ​​the day came on June 11, 1992, when the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation adopted a resolution declaring June 12 (the Day of the Declaration of Sovereignty of the State of the Russian Federation), and it was celebrated for the first time in the year 1995.

In the nineteenth century, Russian culture witnessed a boom in which great writers such as Pushkin and composers such as Tchaikovsky were famous. Its most famous era was the era of socialism, which started since the 1917 revolution and had an impact on the development of modern Russia. After the two world wars, the Soviet Union achieved many achievements in various cultural and economic aspects, achieving social prosperity, space exploration, nuclear energy, and ensuring global peace and security.

President Boris Yeltsin suggested changing the name (Day of the Declaration of Sovereignty of the Russian Federation) to (Russia Day), and this was adopted in 2002.

The Russians consider Russia Day a day of national unity and the joint responsibility of Russian citizens for the present and future of their homeland, as it is the Feast of Freedom and Peace, the birth day of a modern democratic Russian state, bearing a historical legacy that exceeds a thousand years.

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