Translated by: Dr. Belgees Fagier

Khartoum, Nov. 24 (SUNA) - Suitable  climate and environment  for cultivating sesame crop  in Sudan give it preferential feature  over that produced by other  international producers, Professor  of Field Crops at Agriculture Faculty, Khartoum University, Dr. Ghazi Hamed Badawi said.

Dr. Badawi explained   the light clay soil, bright light and high   temperature are suitable environment to produce sesame crop, which are more available in Sudan than other countries as they also  provide the Sudanese sesame special features  of high rate of oil and less rate of  acidity.

A gathering of more than 150 local and international companies discussed in Khartoum recently issues of cultivating, trade and marketing of   oilseeds, including sesame crop.

Chairman of the National Exporters Chamber Omar Bashir Al-Khalifa said in press statement that the conference was like international conferences that were held in China and India.

 The current season found great chances to achieve  high rate of production  which needs promotion  to facilitate process of export and to enter new  markets, Al-Khalifa said, adding that  oilseeds exports are still less than expectation, but  he expected more production to meet the increasing demands.

Dealers in this trade expect that sesame trade would increase to 18 billion US $ in the near future.

Sesame is one of the important oilseeds in Sudan after sorghum and millet as it is considered as a food crop, an important raw material for manufacturing of fodders and significant cash crop for exporting.

 

Sudan ranks second of nine Arab and African states which export sesame in the world, as Sudan produces 80% of the crop cultivated in the Arab World and 40% of African production.

The local consumption of the crop amounts to about 60% of the annual product.

Expert Dr. Abdulattif Al-Ojeme explained that Sudanese sesame is distinguished as it is an organic product without any chemical or fertilizers a matter that enables the country to expand cultivation of the crop to be the leading exporter internationally, thus increase its contribution to the social and economic development of Sudan.

Sesame is one of oldest agricultural crops in Sudan.   It was the only   vegetable oil which locally produced and used widely. It ranked third regarding the cultivated area after sorghum and millet and in some seasons came second after cotton pertinent to export revenues.

Sesame production in Sudan faces some challenges including high cost of production, lack of scientific research, scarcity of skilled labour, and   lack of funding for cultivating the crop because of its high risk.

BF/BT

 

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